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Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Sterna

Sterna acuticauda J.E. Gray, 1831 – Black-bellied Tern

Taxonomic Notes:

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is rare. It inhabits inland wetlands of India, Nepal, and Pakistan, from the sea level up to 700m. This species is found to be possibly extinct in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam (BirdLife International 2017). In India, several smaller isolated populations are recorded from Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Gujarat, Odhisha, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar.

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at 6,700-17,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from its breeding habitat degradation due to large scale agriculture, sand mining, dam building and aquaculture (BirdLife International 2001). 

BirdLife International 2017. Sterna acuticauda (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22694711A110488626. Accessed on 31 January 2020.

Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Sterna

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2020. Sterna acuticauda J.E. Gray, 1831 – Black-bellied Tern. Satose, V., V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.14. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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