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Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Spilornis

Spilornis elgini (Blyth, 1863) – Andaman Serpent Eagle

Taxonomic Notes:

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This Indian species is rare. It inhabits evergreen forests and inland wetlands of the Andaman Islands, from the sea level up to 700m. It forages on rodents, snakes, and crustaceans (BirdLife International 2017). 

Conservations Status:

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate of 1,000-4,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat degradation due to increasing agriculture. Another major threat is hunting which led to low adult survival (BirdLife International 2017).


BirdLife International 2017. Spilornis elgini . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22695323A118207916.
Accessed on 06 February 2020.

Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Spilornis

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani . 2023. Spilornis elgini (Blyth, 1863) – Andaman Serpent Eagle. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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