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Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Sarcogyps

Sarcogyps calvus (Scopoli, 1786) – Red-headed Vulture

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the King Vulture, Black Vulture, or Pondicherry Vulture.

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


Nesting/juveniles:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Identification:
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This is also known as the King Vulture, Black Vulture, or Pondicherry Vulture. This species is rare. It inhabits the grasslands and shrublands of India (mainly Northeast India, Western Ghats, and Gujarat), Cambodia and Vietnam, from the sea level up to 2500m (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species used to be widespread throughout the Southeast Asian countries years ago but at present, it is rapidly declining, with the current population size ranging between 2,500 and 9,999 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Individual mortality is high due to the ingestion of highly toxic NSAID diclofenac (which is used to treat livestock) (BirdLife International 2017).

References:
BirdLife International 2017. Sarcogyps calvus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22695254A118371885. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22695254A118371885.en. Accessed on 30 January 2020.


Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Sarcogyps


Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2020. Sarcogyps calvus (Scopoli, 1786) – Red-headed Vulture. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
http://www.birdsofindia.org/sp/1075/Sarcogyps-calvus
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