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Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Aquila

Aquila heliaca Savigny, 1809 – Eastern Imperial Eagle

Taxonomic Notes:

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and grasslands of semi-arid areas, from the sea level to 1,600m. It is migratory, breeding in Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Azerbaijan, and Greece, and wintering in India, China, Cambodia, and the Republic of Korea. It converges during migration and disperses on its wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2019).

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate of 2,500-9,999 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding and feeding habitat disturbances due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. This lowland species started to inhabit higher altitudes after facing this threat (BirdLife International 2019).


BirdLife International 2019. Aquila heliaca (amended version of 2017 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T22696048A155464885. Accessed on 07 February 2020.

Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Aquila

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2023. Aquila heliaca Savigny, 1809 – Eastern Imperial Eagle. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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