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Falco cherrug J.E. Gray, 1834 – Saker Falcon

Taxonomic Notes:

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is rare. It inhabits inland wetlands and grasslands of semi-arid hilly areas, from the sea level up to 4,700m. It is migratory, breeding in Austria, Armenia, Iran, Russia and Romania, and wintering in Greece, Hungary, India, Ethiopia, Israel and Libya. This species has undergone possible extirpation from Turkmenistan and Germany (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at 12,000-29,800 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to agriculture, electrocution on power lines and falconry (BirdLife International 2017).

BirdLife International 2017. Falco cherrug (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22696495A110525916. on 31 January 2020.

Aves > Falconiformes > Falconidae > Falco

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. and A. Bayani. 2023. Falco cherrug J.E. Gray, 1834 – Saker Falcon. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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