This endemic species is uncommon. It inhabits the coniferous and deciduous forests of the Western Himalaya (mainly in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand of India), from the height of 1,750m to 3,600m asl. It is an altitudinal migrant that inhabits the reserved forests during April-June for breeding and moves to the grassy gullies for wintering (BirdLife International 2017).
According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at approximately 3,300 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Illegal hunting for meat and feathers is also a major threat to this species (BirdLife International 2001).
Cite this page along with its URL as: Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2023. Tragopan melanocephalus (J.E. Gray, 1829) – Western Tragopan. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. http://www.birdsofindia.org/sp/747/Tragopan-melanocephalus
Biodiversity Atlas - India is a species-based bioinformatics platform that is voluntarily supported by numerous organisations such as the National Centre for Biological Sciences,
Indian Foundation for Butterflies, Diversity India, and Titli Trust. The platform is designed for aggregating, displaying and analysing biodiversity data from tropical developing countries and other biodiversity hotspots such as India. It is a distributed platform of stand-alone, taxon-specific, natural history websites that give ownership and recognition to contributing naturalists. It is used extensively for research as well as educational and outreach activities by professional and citizen scientists. The 'BioAtlasIndia' website family currently has the following members: