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Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba

Columba elphinstonii (Sykes, 1832) – Nilgiri Wood Pigeon

Taxonomic Notes:

This is also known as the Nilgiri Pigeon.

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).
 

Nesting/juveniles:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Identification:
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This rare and endemic species is only found in the forests of Western Ghats of India at the heights of 20m-2,250m asl (BirdLife International 2017). 
 
Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).
 

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate 2,500-9,999 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat destruction due to deforestation and commercial developments. Hunting for food and sport also led to a low survival rate of individuals (BirdLife International 2001).

References:

BirdLife International 2017. Columba elphinstonii (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22690173A110095502. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T22690173A110095502.en. Accessed on 03 February 2020.


Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba


Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R. and A. Bayani. 2020. Columba elphinstonii (Sykes, 1832) – Nilgiri Wood Pigeon. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.14. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
http://www.birdsofindia.org/sp/773/Columba-elphinstonii
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