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Aves > Ciconiiformes > Ciconiidae > Leptoptilos

Leptoptilos javanicus (Horsfield, 1821) – Lesser Adjutant

Taxonomic Notes:

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is rare. It inhabits inland wetlands of semi-arid plains. It is migratory, breeding in Indonesia, Cambodia, and India (mainly in Bihar, West Bengal, and Assam). This species has undergone possible extirpation from China and Singapore (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:

According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is rapidly declining, with the current population estimate of 5,500-10,000 individuals. A major threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture. Another threat is hunting which leads to low adult survival (BirdLife International 2017).

BirdLife International 2017. Leptoptilos javanicus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22697713A110481858. Accessed on 05 February 2020.

Aves > Ciconiiformes > Ciconiidae > Leptoptilos

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2023. Leptoptilos javanicus (Horsfield, 1821) – Lesser Adjutant. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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