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Aves > Pelecaniformes > Pelecanidae > Pelecanus

Pelecanus philippensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789 – Spot-billed Pelican

Taxonomic Notes:

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)


Nesting/juveniles:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Identification:
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

This species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and open forests. It is migratory, breeding colonially in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and Thailand. It has undergone extinction in the Philippines and Bangladesh (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:  

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)


According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate of 8,700-12,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding habitat disturbance due to agriculture and other human encroachments. Another threat to its persistence is hunting and egg collection (BirdLife International 2017).

References:
BirdLife International 2017. Pelecanus philippensis . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22697604A117970266. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22697604A117970266.en. Accessed on 14 February 2020.


Aves > Pelecaniformes > Pelecanidae > Pelecanus


Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhavanarayeni, R., and A. Bayani. 2020. Pelecanus philippensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789 – Spot-billed Pelican. Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Birds of India, v. 2.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
http://www.birdsofindia.org/sp/906/Pelecanus-philippensis
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