Anhinga melanogaster Pennant, 1769 - Oriental Darter

Subspecies in India

This is also known as the Snake-bird.
 
This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

 

This uncommon species is also known as the Snake-bird. It inhabits inland wetlands of forests in India (mainly in Assam and Kerala), Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Brunei, and Vietnam. It has undergone extinction in Thailand (BirdLife International 2016). 


Conservation Status:  

 

 

 

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)

 

 



According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at approx. 22,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding and foraging habitat disturbance due to human encroachments that include hunting and pollution (BirdLife International 2016).
 
StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam241
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka11111
Kerala112511
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra21111
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha2
Paschimbanga11
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan12116
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total555132162212
BirdLife International 2016. Anhinga melanogaster . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22696712A93582012. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22696712A93582012.en. Accessed on 14 February 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Anhinga melanogaster Pennant, 1769 – Oriental Darter. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/anhinga-melanogaster, accessed 2024/06/25.