Antigone antigone (Linnaeus, 1758) - Sarus Crane

Subspecies in India

 

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).
 

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This is an uncommon and tallest flying avian species. It is distributed in patches throughout its native range. It generally inhabits inland wetlands and marshes, while Australian and Southeastern population prefers semi-arid grasslands. It is a resident species that may show local short-distance movements within Indian subcontinent. It breeds in India, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Australia during the wet season, and wintering during the dry season. This species has now possibly undergone extirpation from Pakistan (BirdLife International 2016).

Conservation Status:
 
This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate of 13,000-15,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Another major threat is the ingestion of toxic components (used to treat livestock) and hunting of adults along the migratory route (BirdLife International 2001).
 
StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat1
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan45211
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total45212
BirdLife International 2016. Antigone antigone . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22692064A93335364. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22692064A93335364.en. Accessed on 04 February 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Antigone antigone (Linnaeus, 1758) – Sarus Crane. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/antigone-antigone, accessed 2024/06/25.