Aquila nipalensis Hodgson, 1833 - Steppe Eagle

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is rare. It inhabits grasslands and forests of semi-arid areas, from the sea level up to 3,000m. It is migratory, breeding in East Russia, Turkey, Kazakhstan and Mongolia, and wintering in Middle-east Asia, India, Lebanon, Zimbabwe, Thailand, and Vietnam. This species has undergone extirpation from Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine (BirdLife International 2019).
 

Conservation Status:

 

 

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at 50,000-75,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding habitat disturbances due to large-scale agriculture, electrocution by high power lines, and exposure to highly toxic Veterinary Drug Diclofenac (used to treat livestock) (BirdLife International 2015).
 

 

 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka11
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra74241
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan61211
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand122
West Bengal
Total15522264
BirdLife International 2019. Aquila nipalensis (amended version of 2017 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T22696038A155419092. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22696038A155419092.en. Accessed on 31 January 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Aquila nipalensis Hodgson, 1833 – Steppe Eagle. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/aquila-nipalensis, accessed 2024/06/25.