Calidris pygmaea (Linnaeus, 1758) - Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This rare species inhabits grasslands and intertidal zones of the coastal region from the sea level up to 70m. It is migratory, breeding in north-eastern Russia and wintering in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Southeast Asian countries like Japan. It sometimes congregates in large numbers especially around the migratory season and gets dispersive in small groups on wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2018).

Conservation Status:   

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size ranging between 240 and 456 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large scale commercial and agricultural developments, harsh climatic conditions and also hunting along the migratory route and on wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2018). 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2018. Calidris pygmaea . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22693452A134202771. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22693452A134202771.en. Accessed on 30 January 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Calidris pygmaea (Linnaeus, 1758) – Spoon-billed Sandpiper. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/calidris-pygmaea, accessed 2024/06/25.