Clanga clanga (Pallas, 1811) - Greater Spotted Eagle

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).
 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and grasslands of lowland forests, from the sea level up to 1,400m. It forages on rodents, frogs, water birds, and snakes. It is migratory, breeding in Mongolia, Russia, China, Belarus, Poland, and Estonia. Its wintering areas include India, Sri Lanka, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Israel, Libya, and Cameroon (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:  
 
This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate of  3,300-8,800 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture. Other threats to this species are electrocution, hunting, and poaching (BirdLife International 2017).
 
StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat11
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka11
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra451223
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga1
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan1113
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total7512319
BirdLife International 2017. Clanga clanga (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22696027A110443604. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T22696027A110443604.en. Accessed on 06 February 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Clanga clanga (Pallas, 1811) – Greater Spotted Eagle. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/clanga-clanga, accessed 2024/06/25.