Coturnix japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1849 - Japanese Quail

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)


Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is uncommon. It inhabits grasslands of steppes and hills. It is migratory, breeding in Mongolia, China, Russia, Republic of Korea, and Japan during April-August, wintering in India (mainly in the Northeastern region), Cambodia, Vietnam, Italy, and the U.S.A. it mostly forages on plant matters and small land invertebrates (BirdLife International 2016). 

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining and its current population size is unknown. The threat to its persistence is not fully understood, but it is perhaps threatened by habitat disturbance and hunting (BirdLife International 2016).

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2016. Coturnix japonica . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22678949A95209097. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22678949A95209097.en. Accessed on 12 February 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Coturnix japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1849 – Japanese Quail. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/coturnix-japonica, accessed 2024/06/25.