Francolinus gularis (Temminck, 1815) - Swamp Francolin

Subspecies in India

This is also known as the Swamp Partridge.
 
 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This endemic species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and grasslands of India (mainly near Brahmaputra and Ganges river basins), the Sunderbans of Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan, up to 350m asl. Breeds in wet grasslands or cultivation adjacent to cover and water. It otherwise inhabits the semi-arid grasslands, croplands, and even burnt regenerating areas that are close to waterways and cover (BirdLife International 2016). 

Conservation Status:

 

 

 


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at 10,000-19,999 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Species mortality became high possibly due to hunting and egg collection (BirdLife International 2016).
 

 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam111
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total111
BirdLife International 2016. Francolinus gularis . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22678733A92785771. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22678733A92785771.en. Accessed on 31 January 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Francolinus gularis (Temminck, 1815) – Swamp Francolin. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/francolinus-gularis, accessed 2024/06/25.