Fregata andrewsi Mathews, 1914 - Christmas Island Frigatebird

Subspecies in India

This is also known as Christmas Frigatebird.

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is very rare and restricted to Christmas island. It breeds in Christmas island and a significant proportion of its population migrates to Australia, India, China, Myanmar, and Southeast Asian countries in its non-breeding season. It mostly remains congregative in large numbers during migration but gets dispersed to different regions in small groups to its destined grounds (BirdLife International 2018).

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size ranging between 2,400 and 4,800 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large scale mining, agriculture, aquaculture, and other human encroachments. Adult survival is also possibly low due to hunting and trapping along the migratory route (BirdLife International 2018).

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2018. Fregata andrewsi . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22697742A132599384. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22697742A132599384.en. Accessed on 30 January 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Fregata andrewsi Mathews, 1914 – Christmas Island Frigatebird. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/fregata-andrewsi, accessed 2024/06/25.