Leucogeranus leucogeranus (Pallas, 1773) - Siberian Crane

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


Photo Gallery and Species Biology

This species inhabits inland wetlands and grasslands with cold climatic conditions. It is migratory, breeding in eastern Asia (Russia) and wintering in other parts of eastern and southeast Asia (Azerbaijan, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Thailand, Cambodia). It used to winter in central and northern India until the early 2000s, but that migratory subpopulation is now possibly extinct (BirdLife International 2018). 

Conservation Status: 

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining and its current population size is unknown. Threats to its persistence come from habitat disturbance due to large scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Survival is also low due to severe climatic conditions (BirdLife International 2018).


StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2018. Leucogeranus leucogeranus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22692053A134180990. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22692053A134180990.en. Accessed on 30 January 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Leucogeranus leucogeranus (Pallas, 1773) – Siberian Crane. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/leucogeranus-leucogeranus, accessed 2024/06/25.