Neophron percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Egyptian Vulture

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).
 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is rare. It inhabits inland wetlands, inland cliffs, and forests of arid and semi-arid areas, from the sea level up to 4,500m. It is migratory, breeding in North Africa (mostly in Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia), India, Nepal and Turkey, wintering in European and Middle-eastern Asian countries. This breeding species has gone extinct in some African countries like Eswatini, South Africa, Namibia, and Lesotho (BirdLife International 2019).

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at 12,000-38,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments such as hunting using ammunition and illegal poisoning. Adult mortality is also high due to the ingestion of highly toxic NSAID diclofenac when foraging on carcasses (BirdLife International 2019).
 
StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi1
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana11
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka1113
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh213
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan8715
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total913117428
BirdLife International 2019. Neophron percnopterus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T22695180A154895845. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22695180A154895845.en. Accessed on 31 January 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Neophron percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Egyptian Vulture. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/neophron-percnopterus, accessed 2024/06/25.