Oxyura leucocephala (Scopoli, 1769) - White-headed Duck

Subspecies in India

This is also known as the White-headed Stiff-tailed Duck.
 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is rare. It inhabits inland wetlands and aquatic habitats. It is fully migratory, breeding in China, Russia, and wintering in India, Israel, Bulgaria, Turkey, and other European countries. It sometimes congregates in large numbers during migration and disperses in small groups on its wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2017). 

Conservation Status:  

This species is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at 5,300-8,700 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to agriculture and other human encroachments such as hunting along the migratory route and also on wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2017).

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2017. Oxyura leucocephala . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22679814A119403602. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22679814A119403602.en. Accessed on 31 January 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Oxyura leucocephala (Scopoli, 1769) – White-headed Duck. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/oxyura-leucocephala, accessed 2024/06/25.