Pelecanus philippensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789 - Spot-billed Pelican

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)

 

 

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and open forests. It is migratory, breeding colonially in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and Thailand. It has undergone extinction in the Philippines and Bangladesh (BirdLife International 2017).
 

Conservation Status:  

 

 

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)


According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population estimate of 8,700-12,000 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from breeding habitat disturbance due to agriculture and other human encroachments. Another threat to its persistence is hunting and egg collection (BirdLife International 2017).
 

 

 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam212
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka133132125147
Kerala1
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total154333125147

BirdLife International 2017. Pelecanus philippensis . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22697604A117970266. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22697604A117970266.en. Accessed on 14 February 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Pelecanus philippensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789 – Spot-billed Pelican. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/pelecanus-philippensis, accessed 2024/06/25.