Rhinoptilus bitorquatus (Blyth, 1848) - Jerdon's Courser

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This restricted-range endemic species is very rare. It inhabits the sparse shrublands of the Eastern Ghats in India (mostly in Sironcha (Maharsahtra), Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka) (BirdLife International 2017). 

Conservation Status:

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size ranging between 50 and 249 individuals. Since 2009, it has not been spotted in the wild. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat destruction due to shrubland clearance for agriculture and other anthropological activities (BirdLife International 2017).

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2017. Rhinoptilus bitorquatus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22694103A117189206.
https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22694103A117189206.enDownloaded on 30 January 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Rhinoptilus bitorquatus (Blyth, 1848) – Jerdon's Courser. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/rhinoptilus-bitorquatus, accessed 2024/06/25.