Sarcogyps calvus (Scopoli, 1786) - Red-headed Vulture

Subspecies in India

This is also known as the King Vulture, Black Vulture, or Pondicherry Vulture.

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This is also known as the King Vulture, Black Vulture, or Pondicherry Vulture. This species is rare. It inhabits the grasslands and shrublands of India (mainly Northeast India, Western Ghats, and Gujarat), Cambodia and Vietnam, from the sea level up to 2500m (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:
 
This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).


According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species used to be widespread throughout the Southeast Asian countries years ago but at present, it is rapidly declining, with the current population size ranging between 2,500 and 9,999 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Individual mortality is high due to the ingestion of highly toxic NSAID diclofenac (which is used to treat livestock) (BirdLife International 2017).
 
StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka1
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh12121
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan11
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand1
West Bengal
Total1121312
BirdLife International 2017. Sarcogyps calvus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22695254A118371885. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22695254A118371885.en. Accessed on 30 January 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Sarcogyps calvus (Scopoli, 1786) – Red-headed Vulture. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/sarcogyps-calvus, accessed 2024/06/25.