Sterna aurantia J.E. Gray, 1831 - River Tern

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and freshwater bodies (up to 600m) of India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, and Thailand. It mainly forages on fish, crustaceans, and insects (BirdLife International 2016).

 

This species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)


According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining and its current population size is unknown. The threats to its persistence come from breeding habitat disturbance due to flooding and other human encroachments, flooding and, predator attacks (BirdLife International 2016).
 

 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat1
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka3211114
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh2
Maharashtra32112224
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha11
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan1
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total74212132311
BirdLife International 2016. Sterna aurantia . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22694537A93456605. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22694537A93456605.en. Accessed on 15 February 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Sterna aurantia J.E. Gray, 1831 – River Tern. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/sterna-aurantia, accessed 2024/06/25.