Tragopan melanocephalus (J.E. Gray, 1829) - Western Tragopan

Subspecies in India

This is also known as the Western Horned Pheasant.



Photo Gallery and Species Biology

This endemic species is uncommon. It inhabits the coniferous and deciduous forests of the Western Himalaya (mainly in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand of India), from the height of 1,750m to 3,600m asl. It is an altitudinal migrant that inhabits the reserved forests during April-June for breeding and moves to the grassy gullies for wintering (BirdLife International 2017).

Conservation Status:



According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at approximately 3,300 individuals. The threat to its persistence comes from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachments. Illegal hunting for meat and feathers is also a major threat to this species (BirdLife International 2001).

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2017. Tragopan melanocephalus (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22679147A112467383.
https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T22679147A112467383.en. Accessed on 31 January 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Tragopan melanocephalus (J.E. Gray, 1829) – Western Tragopan. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/tragopan-melanocephalus, accessed 2024/06/25.