Clangula hyemalis (Linnaeus, 1758) - Long-tailed Duck

Subspecies in India



Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is uncommon. It inhabits inland wetlands and grasslands of the coastal regions. It is migratory, breeding on the cold coasts of Alaska, Canada, Russia, Iceland, Greenland, and Norway, and for wintering, it migrates to the southern coastal regions such as in India, Iran, Republic of Korea, Japan, Germany, Turkey, and Mexico. After the breeding season, the males leave their females and gather in a small group for the moulting period (BirdLife International 2018).

Conservation Status:



According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining and the current population size is unknown. The threat to its persistence comes from gillnet fisheries, oil, and petroleum pollution leading to habitat destruction (BirdLife International 2018).

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2018. Clangula hyemalis . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22680427A132528200. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22680427A132528200.en. Accessed on 02 February 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Clangula hyemalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Long-tailed Duck. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/clangula-hyemalis, accessed 2024/06/25.