Rissa tridactyla (Linnaeus, 1758) - Black-legged Kittiwake

Subspecies in India



Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is rare. It inhabits the marine coastal areas, foraging on small aquatic animals. It is migratory, breeding on steep coastal cliffs in U.S.A, Canada, Greenland, Western Europe and Russia, wintering in Mauritania, Senegal, Egypt, Trinidad, and Mongolia. This species congregates forming colonies during the breeding season and later disperses during migration reaching different wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2018).

Conservation Status:


According to the IUCN Red List Assessment, the population of this species is declining and currently, its population size is unknown. The major threat to this species is the low availability of prey due to oil spills and pollutions on the large water bodies, leading to low reproductive potential (BirdLife International 2018).

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra1
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total1
BirdLife International 2018. Rissa tridactyla . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22694497A132556442. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22694497A132556442.en. Accessed on 06 February 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Rissa tridactyla (Linnaeus, 1758) – Black-legged Kittiwake. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/rissa-tridactyla, accessed 2024/06/25.