Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) - Nicobar Pigeon

Subspecies in India

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)


Photo Gallery and Species Biology


This species is uncommon. It inhabits remote lowland forests and shrublands in India, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands, at 700m asl. It breeds in dense colonies. It depends on the forest vegetation for foraging (BirdLife International 2016).

Conservation Status:   

This species is listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/)

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining and its current population size is unknown. The threat to its persistence comes from hunting for food and gastroliths. Another threat to this species is habitat disturbance due to deforestation for agriculture.

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total
BirdLife International 2016. Caloenas nicobarica . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22690974A93297507. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22690974A93297507.en. Accessed on 13 February 2020.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nicobar Pigeon. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/caloenas-nicobarica, accessed 2024/07/15.