Tadorna ferruginea (Pallas, 1764) - Ruddy Shelduck

Subspecies in India

Alternative names: Brahminy Duck, Brahminy Shelduck.

Old Taxonomy: Anas ferruginea Pallas, 1764.

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

 

Breeding Season: May and June; in high altitude lakes and swamp above 4000 m. Pair often assumed to be life-long. Strongly territorial only around nest-site.

 

Nest: The nest is made in holes or cavity on ground with feathers or some time with grasses.

Eggs: 6 to 10 glossy, ivory white eggs. 62–72 mm × 45–50 mm.
 


Size: 61–71 cm

Distinguishing characters: 


Adult: A large orange-brown or cinnamon-brown duck with paler head and neck, a prominent metallic green speculum on wing with a white patch on wing-coverts, and black tail. Bill blackish grey, legs and feet, and eyes dark black.
Young/immature: Like female, but with grey wash on scapulars and tertiaries.


Similar Species in India: It is a very distinctive species and cannot be confused with other. 

 

Usually seen in pairs and small parties. Prefers large open lakes and rivers with sandbanks. Usually a very alert species, can get disturbed with slight movement, difficult to approach. Often gives alarm calls up on seeing an intruder. Territorial forfood patches as well as during breeding.

Food: It is omnivorous. Its diet includes molluscs, crustaceans, aquatic insects, ampbhibians, small fishes, aquatic plants, and algae.

Call/Song: A loud, nasal, sharp aahg-aan similar to graylag goose when disturbed.

Migration Status: Migratory, winters in the lower elevations throughout India.

IUCN Status: Least Concern.
 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam12
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat1
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir1
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh12
Maharashtra1115
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha8114
Paschimbanga111
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan31
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand4
West Bengal
Total15641213


1. Rasmussen, P. C., and J. C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Washington, DC.


2. Ali, S., and S. D. Ripley. 1968. Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan: Together with those of Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Ceylon (Vol. 1). Oxford University Press.


3. Stuart Baker, E. C. 1933. The Nidification of Birds of the Indian Empire. Taylor And Francis.


4. BirdLife International. 2016. Tadorna ferrugineaThe IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22680003A86011049.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Tadorna ferruginea (Pallas, 1764) – Ruddy Shelduck. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/tadorna-ferruginea, accessed 2024/06/25.