Vanellus gregarius (Pallas, 1771) - Sociable Lapwing

Subspecies in India

This is also known as the Sociable Plover.

This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

This species is very rare. It inhabits inland wetlands and grasslands in desert and semi-arid areas, from the sea level up to 300m. It is migratory, breeding in Kazakhstan and wintering in western India (mainly Gujarat and Rajasthan), Pakistan, and Sudan (BirdLife International 2018). It sometimes congregates in large numbers (dozens of individuals) especially around the migratory season, but then found in small groups (a handful of individuals) on its wintering grounds (unpublished obs., K. Kunte).
 
Conservation Status:
This species is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (https://www.iucnredlist.org/).

According to the IUCN Red List assessment, the population of this species is declining, with the current population size estimated at approximately 11,200 individuals. The threats to its persistence come from habitat disturbance due to large-scale agriculture and other human encroachment. Adult survival is also low possibly due to hunting along the migratory route and on wintering grounds (BirdLife International 2018).
 
StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat1
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan1
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total11
BirdLife International 2018. Vanellus gregarius . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22694053A130586388. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22694053A130586388.en. Accessed on 18 January 2020.
 

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Vanellus gregarius (Pallas, 1771) – Sociable Lapwing. In Satose, V., A. Bayani, V. Ramachandran, P. Roy, and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.17. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.birdsofindia.org/vanellus-gregarius, accessed 2024/07/15.